Traditional Persian Medicine (PM) consists of the sum total of all the knowledge and practices used in Persia from ancient times to now, from generation to generation relying exclusively on practical experience and observation handed down from generation to generation. PM roots go back to over 7000 years ago and It is not too bold to go even further and claim that the Persians taught the Greeks the elements of that system of medicine, which has been known ever since as Greek medicine. Traditional medicine has special advantages with respect to all the imported medical systems; since it is considered as part of the people’s culture; and has a significant role in solving some of the cultural issues of health. Simply, traditional medicine can be a good assistant and help to the scientific and universal medicine. Introduction, development, and promotion of traditional medicine are a respect and honor to the culture and heritage of the people all around the world.
Persian medicine was established according to the basic concept of Mizaj (temperament). Mizaj is created by the interaction of various elements in the human body and influences normal physical, emotional and physiological features. According to Persian medicine, stability among four humours (phlegm, bile, black bile and blood) in the body maintains good health, while any disturbance in this balance leads to disease and disorders. Based on this approach, diseases were divided into Sue-Mizaj (dystemperament), which is attributable to inequality in the four types of humours, and Taforrogh-E-Ettesaal (separation of organs) due to various traumas. In Persian medicine, each person has an exclusive Mizaj, which isusually recognised based on morphological, physiological and psychological characteristics. Iranian medicine has divided the different kinds of Mizaj into nine main groups. These nine groups are differentiated according to a spectrum of different degrees of warmness and wetness. These elements include one central equilibrium region, four simple Mizajes (warm, cold, moist and dry) and four combined Mizajes (warm and moist, warm and dry, cold and moist and cold and dry). According to this theory, every person is susceptible to specific diseases related to his or her Mizaj and may require various treatment approaches for the same disease and even different life style recommendations. In this way, the Mizaj is considered as a road map to the preservation of a person’s health status. Based on Persian medicine, it is essential for each person to have his or her own lifestyle and nutrition according to his or her characteristics.